Paramedics Randy Li and Lorena Concepcion-Martinez debunk 12 myths about first aid.
They discuss proper CPR and choking protocols, as well as best treatments for wounds and burns.
They also explain that sleeping after a concussion isn’t dangerous, and the origins of the myth.

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Following is a transcript of the video.

Randy Li: “You should clean your wounds with rubbing alcohol.”

Lorena Concepcion-Martinez: Ouch!

Li: “Slap a choking person on the back.”

Concepcion-Martinez: Yeah, not really working.

Concepcion-Martinez: “After getting stabbed, take out the sharp object from the body.”

Li: This is from movies. This is stupid. Don’t do this.

Li: Hi, my name is Randy Li. I’m a paramedic here in New York City, and I’ve been working EMS for 11 years.

Concepcion-Martinez: Hi, my name is Lorena Concepcion-Martinez. I am a paramedic here in New York City also, with Randy, for the past 19 years.

Li: And today we’ll be debunking myths about first aid.

Concepcion-Martinez: Ready?

Li: Let’s go.

Concepcion-Martinez: “If someone gets a concussion, keep them awake.”

Concepcion-Martinez: This is a old wives’ tale. They associated someone having a concussion and going into a coma and not being able to wake up. So that’s why they used to say to keep everybody awake.

Li: Now, we have figured out that the sleeping does not cause the coma. When someone has a concussion, it is considered a type of TBI, traumatic brain injury. You do want to monitor them, though. You want to make sure there’s no deficit, no changes. So things you’re going to be looking out for would be slurred speech, vomiting, unsteady gait, which means you’re, like, wobbly when you walk.

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Concepcion-Martinez: A little dizzy.

Li: Yeah. You don’t want any of that. So if you think that’s a problem and it’s not self-resolving, then, yeah, take them to the hospital. Let them do a CAT scan, let them make sure that the patient’s not having an internal bleed in their brain.

Li: “You should put something into the mouth of someone having a seizure.”

Concepcion-Martinez: Negative. This is a major no-no. This is another old wives’ tale of people thinking that the patient having the seizure was going to swallow their tongue. It’s more muscle spasms and clenching of the jaw. So you don’t really have to worry about the patient swallowing the tongue or anything along those lines.

Li: That whole time you were talking, I tried to swallow my tongue. I couldn’t do it. So it’s not true.

Li: When someone’s having a seizure, they’re having these fasciculations, this tightening of the muscles. What’ll happen is they’ll clench their jaw. And if you put something in their mouth, they’ll break their teeth, they’ll break their jaw.

Concepcion-Martinez: Bite your finger off.

Li: Yeah, don’t do it.

Concepcion-Martinez: You also want to let the seizure pass. You want to make sure once they’ve stopped, you can roll them on their side and just kind of be supportive until EMS arrives to help.

Li: Most seizures will resolve themselves after, say, 30 seconds to a minute. …read more

Source:: Business Insider


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