These are 10 of the toughest and most important battles the US Marines ever fought

Marine Corps Memorial, Washington, DC

Over the course of the 243-year history of the Corps, US Marines have waged war in countries around the world, building a reputation as an unstoppable force.

On many occassions, the Marines have found themselves tasked with the seemingly impossible while surrounded, outnumbered and outgunned. Often the “first to fight,” the Marines regularly suffered heavy casualties in the bloody battles they fought, but the Devil Dogs made sure those sacrifices cost their enemies dearly.

These are ten of the toughest and most iconic battles the Marine Corps ever fought.

Battle of Derna — “To the shores of Tripoli”

Libya: April 27 – May 13, 1805

A small Marine expeditionary force under the command of Lt. Presley O’Bannon marched more than 500 miles across the Libyan Desert to storm the Tripolitan port city of Derna, where the Marines won a historic victory over the Barbary pirates of North Africa and rescued the captured crew of the USS Philadelphia.

The victory, supported by the Navy and local mercenaries, helped secure US ships and trade at a critical time in America’s development. The battle also notably shaped a handful of Marine Corps traditions.

The nickname “leathernecks” originated in Derna, where US Marines wore high, leather collars to guard against the cutlasses carried by the pirates.

The Mameluke sword presented to O’Bannon by the rightful ruler of Tripoli, who was able to retake his throne after the battle, eventually became a part of the Marine Corps officer’s uniform. This unique sword remains the oldest ceremonial weapon in use by the US armed forces today.

And, the Battle of Derna is famously celebrated in the Marines’ Hymn, a key verse of which reads: “From the Halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli, we fight our country’s battles in the air, on land and sea.”

Battle of Chapultepec — “From the Halls of Montezuma”

Mexico: September …read more

Source:: Business Insider


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