Here’s what would need to happen to verify North Korea’s denuclearization


That’s what Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called a reporter’s question about why scientific terms, like “verification,” a mainstay of arms control treaties, weren’t included in the joint letter that President Trump and North Korea’s Kim Jong Un signed on Tuesday during their summit in Singapore. In the document, North Korea recommits to denuclearization, but the statement itself gives no mention of how, exactly, the denuclearization process would be tracked and ensured.

The absence of such key words, which have come to define a generation of scientific and technical processes designed to ensure that states subject to treaties don’t cheat, have generated suspicion among, well, everyone, that what Trump and Kim agreed to is the sum and substance of nothing at all. Nonsense, insists Pompeo. The document signed on Tuesday is just the tip of the iceberg, and it merely covers a vast of “modalities” — his word — that negotiators between the two countries have already agreed to in principle and want to flesh out before putting them on paper.

To that end, there are two possibilities. One is that Trump and Kim did not speak using the lingua franca of arms control, and well-meaning, ambitious diplomats will have to push ahead without clear and direct guidance from their respective leaders. The other possibility is that the U.S. hasn’t figured out exactly what it needs to verify. South Korea, China, and Japan might want to weigh in, too.

So what does “verification” actually mean? Exactly what you think: If a country declares to the world that it has X amount of Y — be it 10 ballistic missiles or 200 grams of highly enriched uranium — the counter-party to the treaty has to be reasonably certain that the country is not lying. So, they verify.

Verification regimes generally start with …read more

Source:: The Week – Politics


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